ADVERBS

Adverbs!

Hello everyone! Here is a English lesson for you! Today, we will be looking at adverbs. Do some of you know what is an adverb? Have you ever heard someone using the term? Let’s begin the lesson by saying a few words about adverbs in general.

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What is an adverb?

  • An adverb is a word like yesterday, never, hardly, here, also, which is used to say, for example, when, where or how something happens. There are very many kinds of adverbs with different functions.

  • Different kinds of adverbs go in different positions in a clause.

  • Morphologically, we can distinguish three types of adverbs:

simple adverbs: just, only, well, back, down, near, out, under…

compound adverbs: somehow, somewhere, therefore…

derivational adverbs: these are created from adjectives by adding the suffix -ly. oddly, interestingly…

  • Adverbs can be compared, just like adjectives.

  • As well as with adjectives, there is a small group of adverbs with comparatives and superlatives formed differently.

  • Adverbs that are identical in form with adjectives are compared like those adjectives: fast, hard, late, long, quick…

There are several types of adverbs, according to their meaning.


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Adverbs of Manner

They wanted to solve the problem quickly.

She speaks Portuguese fluently.

Try to act nicely.

  • An adverb of manner comes after a verb, or after a verb + object.

  • Most adverbs of manner are formed from an adjective + -ly.

  • An adverb of manner appears mostly in end position.

We continued our work in silence.

Adverbs of Place and Time!

  • Adverbs of place and time often go in end position.

It’s my birthday tomorrow.

The shop was closed for two weeks.

  • Some short adverbs of time can go in mid position, e.g. already, at once, finally, immediately, just (=a short time ago), no longer, now, recently, since, soon, still, then, yesterday.

He finally stopped nagging.

Adverbs of Frequency!

  •  An adverb of frequency says how often something happens, e.g. always, normally, usually, generally, often, frequently, sometimes, occasionally, seldom, rarely, not … often, never, not … ever.

I sometimes go to the cinema with my friends.

The computer crashes occasionally

  • An adverb of frequency usually goes in mid position.

I’m always busy on a Saturday.

The bus doesn’t usually stop here.

  • Some adverbs of frequency can go in front or end position, e.g. normally, usually, generally, frequently, sometimes, and occasionally.

Normally I go to church on a Sunday.

Adverbs of Degree

  

  • You can use an adverb of degree before an adjective.

It’s a very nice dress.

  •  An adverb of degree can also be used before another adverb.

I hardly ever see you nowadays.

  • Some adverbs of degree are: absolutely, completely, entirely, quite, totally, awfully, extremely, real, really, terribly, too, very, fairly, pretty, quite, rather, somewhat, a bit, a little, slightly, hardly, scarcely, not … at all, as, less, least, more, most, so.

  • We can also use an adverb of degree to modify a verb.

Do you really want to go there?

  •  In mid position we can use: absolutely, almost, completely, hardly, just, nearly, quite, rather, really, scarcely, slightly, and totally.

I hardly ever see you nowadays.

  • Some adverbs of degree can go only in end position, e.g. a bit, a little, a lot, awfully, more, (the) most, somewhat, and terribly.

I like you a lot.

I miss you terribly.

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