How to ask Questions in English?
How are you feeling today? Is your day going well? Are you in a mood for a new free English lesson? Are you excited to find out what this lesson is about? So many questions, right? Well, today we will be looking precisely at questions. I will show you how questions are formed, the types of questions and many other things. Let’s begin.
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WHY DO WE USE QUESTIONS?
The most basic use of a question is to ask for information.
What time does the lecture begin? – Ten thirty.
However, we can also use questions in other ways.
a request: Can I have this cake, please?
a suggestion: Shall we go to the gym?
offering to help: Can I help you?
offering something: Would you like a brochure?
asking permission: May I take one of these brochures?
complaining: Why do you have to be so stubborn?
There are two question types: a yes/no question and a wh-question.
A yes/no question can be answered by yes or no.
Do you sell books? – Yes, we do.
Do you know where the closest shop is? – No, I don’t
A yes/no question begins with an auxiliary verb.
Do you know that guy over there?
A wh-question begins with a question word: who, what, which, whose, where, when, why, and how.
Who are you talking to?
What are you doing?
Which bag do you like better?
Whose keys are those?
Where were you when I called you?
When does the bus leave?
Why are you so stubborn?
How am I supposed to know that?
In most questions there is inversion of the subject and the auxiliary, which means that the auxiliary comes before the subject.
Are you going to the cinema with me?
If there is more than one auxiliary verb, then only the first one comes before the subject.
Could I have known that before?
In informal conversation, you can avoid inversion of the subject and the auxiliary.
You’re joking, right?
She’s leaving tomorrow? – Yes, she is.
When who or what is the subject of a question, there is no inversion.
Who took the keys?
Who ALWAYS refers to a human being.
Which can be used either for humans or for something non-human.
What refers mostly to something non-human.
It can refer to humans when it comes before a noun.
What idiot did this?
There is a difference in meaning between what and which.
What is used when there is an indefinite and often large number of possible answers.