How to ask Questions in English?

How to ask Questions in English?

 

Hello friends!

How are you feeling today? Is your day going well? Are you in a mood for a new free English lesson? Are you excited to find out what this lesson is about? So many questions, right? Well, today we will be looking precisely at questions. I will show you how questions are formed, the types of questions and many other things. Let’s begin.

how to ask questions in english

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WHY DO WE USE QUESTIONS?

 

  • The most basic use of a question is to ask for information.

 

What time does the lecture begin? – Ten thirty.

 

  • However, we can also use questions in other ways.

 

a request: Can I have this cake, please?

a suggestion: Shall we go to the gym?

offering to help: Can I help you?

offering something: Would you like a brochure?

asking permission: May I take one of these brochures?

complaining: Why do you have to be so stubborn?

 

There are two question types: a yes/no question and a wh-question.

 

YES/NO QUESTION

  • A yes/no question can be answered by yes or no.

Do you sell books? – Yes, we do.

Do you know where the closest shop is? – No, I don’t

 

  • A yes/no question begins with an auxiliary verb.

Do you know that guy over there?

 

WH-QUESTIONS

  • A wh-question begins with a question word: who, what, which, whose, where, when, why, and how.

Who are you talking to?

What are you doing?

Which bag do you like better?

Whose keys are those?

Where were you when I called you?

When does the bus leave?

Why are you so stubborn?

How am I supposed to know that?

 

  • In most questions there is inversion of the subject and the auxiliary, which means that the auxiliary comes before the subject.

 

Are you going to the cinema with me?

 

  • If there is more than one auxiliary verb, then only the first one comes before the subject.

Could I have known that before?

 

  • In informal conversation, you can avoid inversion of the subject and the auxiliary.

You’re joking, right?

She’s leaving tomorrow? – Yes, she is.

 

  • When who or what is the subject of a question, there is no inversion.

Who took the keys?

 

REMEMBER!

Who ALWAYS refers to a human being.

Which can be used either for humans or for something non-human.

What refers mostly to something non-human.

 

  • It can refer to humans when it comes before a noun.

What idiot did this?

  • There is a difference in meaning between what and which.

 

  • What is used when there is an indefinite and often large number of possible answers.

What do you do to relax?

Which is used when there is a definite and often small number of possible answers.

Which movie should we see?