How to form and use the Future I Simple (going to)?

How to form and use the Future I Simple (going to)?

English grammar can sometimes seem complicated, but I’m here to make it simpler for you :)

English language has different future forms, used for expressing ideas about the future. In the next few posts, I’m going to discuss each one of them.

how to use and form the Future I Simple (going to)?

Today, our focus will be at the Future I Simple (going to)

FORM

The Future I Simple is formed with the present tense of be + going + to-infinitive of the main verb.

I am going to arrive tomorrow.

You are going to arrive tomorrow.

He/she/it is going to arrive tomorrow.

We are going to arrive tomorrow.

You are going to arrive tomorrow.

They are going to arrive tomorrow.

 

To make a positive sentence we have:

the subject + am/is/are + going + to-infinitive of the main verb + the object

I am going to arrive tomorrow.

am has a short form ‘m, is has a short form ‘s, and are has a short form ’re.

 

To make a negative sentence we have:

the subject + am/is/are + not + going + to-infinitive of the main verb + the object

I am not going to arrive tomorrow.

 

To make an interrogative sentence we have:

Am/is/are + the subject + going + to-infinitive of the main verb + the object

Am I going to arrive tomorrow?


Keep reading and learn MORE TIPS TO IMPROVE your English Grammar.

 Click here for more lessons


Keep reading about the future tenses:

Other ways of expressing future ideas

Why us the Future II Simple

How to form and use the Future II Continuous

How to form and use the Future I Simple (Will)

How to form and use the Future I Simple (Going to)

How to form and use the Future Progressive I

USE

I’m going to mention 5 most general uses of the Future I Simple (going to):

1.    We use going to to make a prediction about a future event because of something we can observe now.

The sun is going down. It’s going to be dark in half an hour.

2.    Going to is used for decisions made before the moment of speaking.

I’m going to visit Anne in the hospital tomorrow.

3.    We can use going to to make a prediction.

I think Arsenal are going to win.

4.    We can also use going to for a plan or an intention, especially in an informal style.

I’m going to quit my job. – Here, I’m going to means that I intend to quit or that I have decided to quit.

5.    Going to can be used for a command, that is, to insist that people do or do not do something.

You’re going to eat that soup whether you like it or not!

o   You can also use it in emphatic refusals.

I’m not going to just sit here and do nothing.

 

Here’s a tip which can be useful for you when using going to:

·        Avoid using going to with verbs of movement, especially go and come, because it can sound awkward. Use the present continuous instead. J

I’m going out.  rather than I’m going to go out.

 

Keep reading about the future tenses:

Other ways of expressing future ideas

Why use the Future II Simple

How to form and use the Future II Continuous

How to form and use the Future I Simple (Will)

How to form and use the Future I Simple (Going to)

How to form and use the Future Progressive I

That’s it! Simple as the Future I Simple! Stay tuned for more :)