How to form and use the Future I Simple (will)?

How to form and use the Future I Simple (will)?

Hello friends! Today we will be looking at the Future I Simple (will)…

how to form and use the Future I Simple (will)?

Remember, English language has different future forms, used for expressing ideas about the future. One of them is the Future I Simple (will).

FORM

The Future I Simple is formed with will + bare infinitive (infinitive without to).

I will be twenty-three next month.

We use will in all persons.

In the first person we can use either will or shall. The meaning is the same, but shall is a little formal.

I will be/shall be at home tomorrow.


To make a positive sentence we have:

the subject + will + bare infinitive of the main verb + the object

I will be twenty-three next month.

o   Will has a short form ‘ll.

To make a negative sentence we have:

the subject + will + not + bare infinitive of the main verb + the object

I will not be twenty-three next month.

o   Will not has a short form won’t.

To make an interrogative sentence we have:

Will + the subject + bare infinitive of the main verb + the object

Will I be twenty-three next month?


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USE

I’m going to mention 3 most general uses of the Future I Simple (will):

1.    Will is used to talk about things in the future that are seen as facts, something we cannot control but we can be fairly certain about.

I will be twenty-three next month.

2.    We use will to express predictions based on opinions or beliefs.

In the future, people will be unhappier.

3.    We can use I will/we will, or its short version, for an instant decision, an idea that we decide at the moment of speaking.

Oh, it’s raining outside. I’ll take an umbrella.

 


Except these three general uses, there are some other situations in which you can use will for future.

·        Imagine you’re in a coffee shop and you want to order your favorite dessert and a cup of coffee. How would you do it? Well, you can use will:

I’ll have the cake and a cup of tea, please.

·        We can use will with have to, be allowed to, and be able to.

It’s getting really late. We’ll have to hurry if we want to make it on time.

·        Will can sometimes be used to express willingness. The negative won’t or will not can also be used to express unwillingness or an emphatic refusal.

I think Sarah will help you do this. – In this case, will means that she is willing to help.

I won’t put up with this nonsense anymore. I quit! – emphatic refusal

·        You can also use will/won’t/shall to make offers (a), promises (b), invitations (c), ask for advice or a suggestion (d):

(a)    offer: I’ll hold the door open for you. / Shall I hold the door open for you?

(b)    promise: I’ll do my best to help you.

(c)    invitation: Won’t you join us for a cup of coffee?

(d)    advice or suggestion: Where shall I put these books?

 

We’re done for today! Here is a task for you: Use will to make an offer, a promise, an invitation and a suggestion. Write your sentences in a comment below. Have fun! Stay tuned for more :)

Keep reading about the future tenses:

Other ways of expressing future ideas

Why us the Future II Simple

How to form and use the Future II Continuous

How to form and use the Future I Simple (Will)

How to form and use the Future I Simple (Going to)

How to form and use the Future Progressive I