How to form and use the Past Perfect Progressive?

How to form and use the Past Perfect Progressive?

How to form and use the Past Perfect Progressive?

 

The topic of the today’s lesson is the past perfect progressive.

In the last blog post, I mentioned that the past perfect simple is the past form of the present perfect simple.

how to form and use the Past Perfect Progressive?

It is only logical to conclude that the past perfect progressive must be the past equivalent to the present perfect progressive.

If you think of the past perfect progressive in this way, you’re absolutely right.

It most certainly is the past equivalent to the present perfect progressive, used like this especially in reported speech.

 

First, let me introduce you the form of the past perfect progressive.

How to form the Past Perfect Progressive?

The past perfect progressive is formed with had been + ing-form.

I had been using your office.

We use had in all persons.

 

To make a positive sentence we have:

 

the subject + had + been + the main verb in the ing-form + the object

I had been using your office.

 

To make a negative sentence we have:

the subject + had + not + been + the main verb in the ing-form + the object

I had not been using your office.

**We can contract had not into hadn’t.**

To make an interrogative sentence we have:

Had + the subject + been + the main verb in the ing-form + the object

Had I been using your office?


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 Let’s go on its use...

How to use the Past Perfect Progressive?

 

I’m going to mention 3 most general uses of the past perfect progressive:

 

1.     We use the past perfect progressive for an action continuing over a period up to a specific time in the past.

 

She had been working as a teacher for 10 years before she resigned.

 

2.     The past perfect progressive is used for a past action of certain duration which had visible results in the past.

 

They were wet because they had been walking in the rain.

 

3.     The past perfect progressive is the past equivalent of the present perfect progressive.

 

She is going to her doctor. Her arm has been aching for two days. – She went to the doctor. Her arm had been aching for two days.

Not so difficult.

 

Isn’t it? :)

 


In order for you to better understand the use of the past perfect progressive, here are some things you need to keep in mind when using the past perfect progressive and other tenses:

  • We use the past perfect simple when we focus on the result of the action, while we use the past perfect progressive to focus on the action going on.

They had collected hundreds of pounds.

They had been collecting money for charity all morning.

  • We use the past perfect progressive, not the past progressive, to say how long something had been happening up to a past moment.

Jack and John had been walking since morning, so they were quite exhausted.

 

This is all for today! If you have any questions, leave a comment :)

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