Conditionals Basic English Grammar Quiz

by | Jun 15, 2018 | English Grammar Lesson | 0 comments

 Conditional in English are also called if-clauses and they are used to express some kind of condition, that being two events that are somehow connected.  There is some kind of a condition in the first action, which affects the second action.

Periouvsle, we have gone through the theory behind the conditionals, if you haven’t watched that video lesson, click here to watch the video lesson for an introduction to the conditionals in the English language.

Today we will taking your level of English one step further, by testing how well you truly understand the conditionals in a basic English grammar quiz 🙂

Watch the video lesson to complete the Basic English Grammar Quiz focusing on Conditionals!

Make sure to turn on subtitles by clicking the CC button if you are struggling to follow the lesson 🙂

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Below you will find the lesson notes from the Basic English Grammar Quiz focusing on Conditionals:

To begin with, try completing the quiz by yourself on a piece of paper…   

  1. How many types of conditionals are there in the English language?

 

  1. 3 types
  2. 4 types
  3. 5 types

 

  1. What do conditionals express?

 

  1. Some kind of condition which ties two actions
  2. Some kind of context which is important for the second action
  3. Some kind of time span which is relevant for the two actions

 

  1. Which tense is used in the zero conditional?

 

  1. The infinitive
  2. Present simple
  3. Present continuous

 

  1. What do we express with zero conditionals?

 

  1. Actions that can’t happen
  2. General truths
  3. Actions that might happen

 

  1. Which tenses do we use to form the first conditional?

 

  1. Present simple and present simple
  2. Present simple and present continuous
  3. Present simple and will + infinitive

 

  1. Which conditional do we use to express something which might happen in the future?

 

  1. Zero conditional
  2. First conditional
  3. Second conditional

 

 

  1. What is the form of the second conditional?

 

  1. if + present simple, … present simple
  2. if + present simple, … will + infinitive
  3. if + past simple, …would/could/might + infinitive

 

 

  1. What do we separate the clauses with if the if-clause comes at the beginning of a sentence?

 

  1. With if
  2. With a comma
  3. With when

 

  1. Which conditional do we use to talk about past actions which did not happen, but it also expresses the imagined result?

 

  1. First conditional
  2. Second conditional
  3. Third conditional

 

  1. Which conditional is this sentence: If she had studied, she would have passed the exam.

 

  1. Second conditional
  2. Third conditional
  3. Mixed conditional

 

Now that you have completed the quiz, check your answers (only once you have tried completing the quiz by yourself) with the answers below:

 

  1. How many types of conditionals are there in the English language?

 

  1. 3 types
  2. 4 types
  3. 5 types

EXPLANATION: In the English language, there are 4 types of conditional sentences: the zero conditional, the first conditional, the second conditional and the third conditional. You need to be careful not to forget about the zero conditional and think that there are only 3 types – there are four. Also, mixed conditional sentences are possible, but as their name says, they are a mix, a combination of the 4 types mentioned.

 

  1. What do conditionals express?

 

  1. Some kind of condition which ties two actions
  2. Some kind of context which is important for the second action
  3. Some kind of time span which is relevant for the two actions

EXPLANATION:  Conditional in English are also called if-clauses. If expresses some kind of condition, so the conditional sentences also express some kind of a condition – the two events in the sentence are in some way tied, there is some kind of a condition in the first action, which affects the second action.

 

  1. Which tense is used in the zero conditional?

 

  1. The infinitive
  2. Present simple
  3. Present continuous

EXPLANATION:  In the zero conditional, you use only one tense for both actions, and that is present simple. The form of the zero conditional is: if + present simple, … present simple. Example sentence: If you touch a fire, you get burned.

 

  1. What do we express with zero conditionals?

 

  1. Actions that can’t happen
  2. General truths
  3. Actions that might happen

EXPLANATION:  You use the zero conditional then the result will always happen, we use it for general facts, something that is unquestionable and always true, so, for general truths: If it rains, the grass gets wet. For actions that might happen, you use the first conditional: If it rains tomorrow, I will say inside.

 

  1. Which tenses do we use to form the first conditional?

 

  1. Present simple and present simple
  2. Present simple and present continuous
  3. Present simple and will + infinitive

EXPLANATION:  To form the first conditional, we use two tenses – present simple and will future. So, the form is always the same: if + present simple, … will + infinitive: If I pass the exam, I will be happy.

 

  1. Which conditional do we use to express something which might happen in the future?

 

  1. Zero conditional
  2. First conditional
  3. Second conditional

EXPLANATION:  When we use the first conditional, we are talking about something that might happen in the future. Of course, we can’t know what will happen in the future, but this describes possible things, which could easily come true. It expresses a possible condition and a probable result: If the train is delayed (possible condition), she will be late for the party (probable result).

 

  1. What is the form of the second conditional?

 

  1. if + present simple, … present simple
  2. if + present simple, … will + infinitive
  3. if + past simple, …would/could/might + infinitive

The second conditional uses the past simple after if, then ‘would’ and the infinitive, so, the form is: if + past simple, …would/could/might + infinitive. Example sentence: If I won the lottery, I would buy a big house.

EXPLANATION:  We use it to talk about things in the future that are probably not going to be true. So, when we talk about some dreams, our imaginations, something not highly possible. It expresses a hypothetical condition and its probable result: If I had his number, I would call him.

 

  1. What do we separate the clauses with if the if-clause comes at the beginning of a sentence?

 

  1. With if
  2. With a comma
  3. With when

EXPLANATION:  A conditional sentence has two part: an if-clause (a subordinate clause) and a main clause. In the English language, the usual sentence structure is that the main clause goes first, and the subordinate clause goes second: I would go to the concert if I liked the band. However, when you have an inverted structure, so, when the subordinate clause goes first, and the main clause goes second, you need to separate them with a comma: If I liked the band, I would go to the concert.

 

  1. Which conditional do we use to talk about past actions which did not happen, but it also expresses the imagined result?

 

  1. First conditional
  2. Second conditional
  3. Third conditional

EXPLANATION:  The third conditional talks about the past. It’s used to describe a situation that didn’t happen, and imagines the result of this situation (that never happened, so it not a probable situation). It expresses an unreal past condition and its probable result in the past: If I had gone to Spain, I would have tried to learn Spanish.

 

 

 

  1. Which conditional is this sentence: If she had studied, she would have passed the exam.

 

  1. Second conditional
  2. Third conditional
  3. Mixed conditional

EXPLANATION: This is a third conditional sentence. We make the third conditional by using the past perfect after ‘if’ and then ‘would have’ and the past participle in the second part of the sentence, so the form is: if + past perfect, …would/could/might + present perfect: She would have been here if she hadn’t have to work.

 

 

What was your score on the test?

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